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Calendar - month, year

 
 

1991 Yearly calendar

 
  January  
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  November  
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29 30 31        
EVENTS
1991-08-19  Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Crimea.  
1991-10-05  An Indonesian military transport crashes after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.  
1991-06-26  Ten-Day War: the Yugoslav people's army begins the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.  
1991-06-30  32 miners are killed when a coal mine fire in the Donbass region of Ukraine releases toxic gas.  
1991-02-25  Gulf War: An Iraqi scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 28 U.S. Army Reservists from Pennsylvania.  
1991-10-16  Luby's massacre: George Hennard runs amok in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 and wounding 20 in Luby's Cafeteria.  
1991-10-30  The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opens.  
1991-02-09  Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.  
1991-05-31  Bicesse Accords in Angola lay out a transition to multi-party democracy under the supervision of the United Nations' UNAVEM II mission.  
1991-01-26  Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi.  
1991-08-24  Ukraine declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.  
1991-06-17  Apartheid: the South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act which required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.  
1991-08-28  Ukraine declares its independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-12-04  Captain Mark Pyle pilots Clipper Goodwill, a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.  
1991-06-25  Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.  
1991-06-12  1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.  
1991-06-20  The German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.  
1991-03-31  The Islamic Constitutional Movement, or Hadas, is established in Kuwait.  
1991-12-08  The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.  
1991-08-19  Hurricane Bob hits the Northeast, United States.  
1991-09-08  The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.  
1991-05-26  Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the first democratically elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.  
1991-02-27  Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".  
1991-09-06  The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.  
1991-07-01  The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.  
1991-10-04  The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.  
1991-12-16  Independence of The Republic of Kazakhstan.  
1991-09-22  The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time by the Huntington Library.  
1991-11-14  American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.  
1991-08-20  Estonia secedes from the Soviet Union.  
1991-11-20  An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan was shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend district of Azerbaijan.  
1991-02-23  Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the ground phase of the war.  
1991-08-29  Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union suspends all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.  
1991-01-19  Gulf War: SCUD attack from Iraq causes 15 injuries in Israel.  
1991-08-08  John McCarthy, British journalist held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years by Islamic Jihad, is released.  
1991-04-02  Rita Johnston becomes the first female Premier of a Canadian province when she succeeds William Vander Zalm (who had resigned) as Premier of British Columbia.  
1991-09-09  Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-04-22  The Social Democratic Party of Albania is founded.  
1991-09-01  Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union  
1991-12-01  Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-05-05  A riot breaks out in the Mt. Pleasant section of Washington, D.C. after police shoot a Salvadoran man.  
1991-10-05  The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.  
1991-12-04  Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.  
1991-04-04  Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.  
1991-10-01  New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 commences.  
1991-05-15  Edith Cresson becomes France's first female prime minister.  
1991-12-08  The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.  
1991-02-13  Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed.  
1991-09-02  The United States recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.  
1991-08-21  Coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev collapses.  
1991-09-17  Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.  
1991-08-25  The Battle of Vukovar has begun. An 87-day siege of a Croatian city by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces, between August-November 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence.  
1991-01-22  Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.  
1991-08-27  The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.  
1991-01-16  The United States goes to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).  
1991-10-18  Azerbaijan declares independence from USSR.  
1991-08-21  Latvia declares renewal of its full independence after the occupation of Soviet Union.  
1991-08-06  Doi Takako, chair of the Social Democratic Party (Japan), becomes Japan's first female speaker of the House of Representatives.  
1991-11-12  Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.  
1991-05-26  Lauda Air Flight 004 explodes over rural Thailand, killing 223.  
1991-03-13  The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.  
1991-09-21  Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.  
1991-09-19  Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by German tourists.  
1991-09-30  President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.  
1991-10-22  Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church.  
1991-10-27  Turkmenistan achieves independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-06-12  Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic.  
1991-12-06  In Croatia, forces of the Yugoslav People's Army bombard Dubrovnik after laying siege to the city since May.  
1991-03-03  In two concurring referendums: 74% of the population of Latvia votes for independence from the Soviet Union, in Estonia – 83%.  
1991-06-07  Mount Pinatubo explodes generating an ash column 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) high.  
1991-02-28  The first Gulf War ends.  
1991-06-23  Moldova declares its independence.  
1991-12-20  A Missouri court sentences the Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria to death for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.  
1991-08-25  Belarus declares its independence from the Soviet Union  
1991-02-20  A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time leader, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.  
1991-01-17  Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning. Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation.  
1991-10-25  History of Slovenia: Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.  
1991-03-03  An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.  
1991-08-31  Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-01-17  Harald V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father, Olav V.  
1991-04-05  An ASA EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 aboard.  
1991-05-18  Northern Somalia declares independence from the rest of Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland but is not recognised by the international community.  
1991-10-12  Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by republic's Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.  
1991-01-12  Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.  
1991-03-31  Georgian independence referendum, 1991: nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country's independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-08-24  Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.  
1991-01-20  Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.  
1991-10-09  Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.  
1991-09-18  Yugoslavia begins a naval blockade of 7 Adriatic port cities.  
1991-09-16  The trial of deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega begins in the United States.  
1991-12-26  The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union meets and formally dissolves the USSR.  
1991-07-11  A Nationair DC-8 crashes during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter flight was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.  
1991-08-29  Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo is killed by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.  
1991-05-28  The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.  
1991-10-29  The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.  
1991-04-29  A cyclone strikes the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 mph, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.  
1991-11-18  Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland.  
1991-11-27  The United Nations Security Council adopts Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.  
1991-05-24  Eritrea gains its independence from Ethiopia.  
1991-08-08  The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.  
1991-03-03  United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25.  
1991-11-07  Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.  
1991-04-26  Seventy tornadoes break out in the central United States. Before the outbreak's end, Andover, Kansas, would record the year's only F5 tornado (see Andover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak).  
1991-04-10  A rare tropical storm develops in the South Atlantic Ocean near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.  
1991-03-04  Sheikh Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister of Kuwait, returns to his country for the first time since Iraq's invasion.  
1991-05-01  Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics steals his 939th base, making him the all-time leader in this category. However, his accomplishment is overshadowed later that evening by Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers, when he pitches his seventh career no-hitter, breaking his own record.  
1991-02-23  In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.  
1991-07-31  The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.  
1991-11-28  South Ossetia declares independence from Georgia.  
1991-12-12  Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.  
1991-06-27  Slovenia, after declaring independence two days before is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft starting the Ten-Day War.  
1991-07-09  South Africa is readmitted into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.  
1991-03-09  Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are deployed in the streets.  
1991-02-15  The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.  
1991-04-10  Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.  
1991-02-18  The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station in London.  
1991-07-07  Yugoslav Wars: the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.  
1991-03-26  Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market.  
1991-02-16  Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.  
1991-08-06  Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.  
1991-12-25  Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day). Ukraine's referendum is finalized and Ukraine officially leaves the Soviet Union.  
1991-03-02  Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War.  
1991-09-29  Military coup in Haiti.  
1991-01-15  The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.  
1991-02-26  Gulf War: On Baghdad Radio Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.  
1991-08-27  Moldova declares independence from the USSR.  
1991-05-24  Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.  
1991-12-31  All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date and the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.  
1991-06-03  Mount Unzen erupts in Kyūshū, Japan, killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.  
1991-11-18  After the siege of Vukovar, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the besieging Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.  
1991-09-05  The current international treaty defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, came into force.  
1991-07-10  The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.  
1991-11-14  In Royal Oak, Michigan, a fired United States Postal Service employee goes on a shooting rampage, killing four and wounding five before committing suicide.  
1991-05-21  Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.  
1991-08-28  Collapse of the Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.  
1991-07-10  Boris Yeltsin begins his five-year term as the first elected President of Russia.  
1991-12-16  United Nations General Assembly: UN General Assembly Resolution 4686 revokes UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 after Israel makes revocation of resolution 3379 a condition of its participation in the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991.  
1991-02-07  Haiti's first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.  
1991-08-04  The Greek cruise ship MTS Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa.  
1991-11-14  Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile.  
1991-01-13  Soviet Union military troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius. Killed 14 people and wounding 1000.  
1991-10-20  The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage.  
1991-05-21  Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Madras.  
1991-05-19  Croatians vote for independence in a referendum.  
1991-08-20  Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: more than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup aiming to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev.  
1991-09-06  The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.  
1991-09-17  The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.  



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