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Calendar - month, year

 
 

1991 Yearly calendar

 
  January  
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  February  
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16
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  March  
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5 6 7 8 9 10 11
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19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
  June  
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  August  
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4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
  September  
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  October  
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6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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27 28 29 30 31    
  November  
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29 30 31        
EVENTS
1991-06-12  1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.  
1991-08-19  Hurricane Bob hits the Northeast, United States.  
1991-10-18  Azerbaijan declares independence from USSR.  
1991-11-14  Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile.  
1991-06-03  Mount Unzen erupts in Kyūshū, Japan, killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.  
1991-09-19  Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by German tourists.  
1991-10-09  Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.  
1991-09-17  The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.  
1991-08-06  Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.  
1991-06-27  Slovenia, after declaring independence two days before is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft starting the Ten-Day War.  
1991-05-24  Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.  
1991-08-28  Ukraine declares its independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-06-12  Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic.  
1991-11-28  South Ossetia declares independence from Georgia.  
1991-09-09  Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-03-31  Georgian independence referendum, 1991: nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country's independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-05-31  Bicesse Accords in Angola lay out a transition to multi-party democracy under the supervision of the United Nations' UNAVEM II mission.  
1991-01-19  Gulf War: SCUD attack from Iraq causes 15 injuries in Israel.  
1991-11-18  Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland.  
1991-05-19  Croatians vote for independence in a referendum.  
1991-04-26  Seventy tornadoes break out in the central United States. Before the outbreak's end, Andover, Kansas, would record the year's only F5 tornado (see Andover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak).  
1991-07-09  South Africa is readmitted into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.  
1991-03-02  Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War.  
1991-10-05  The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.  
1991-08-27  The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.  
1991-11-07  Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.  
1991-10-04  The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.  
1991-09-18  Yugoslavia begins a naval blockade of 7 Adriatic port cities.  
1991-10-29  The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.  
1991-10-25  History of Slovenia: Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.  
1991-03-26  Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market.  
1991-02-23  Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the ground phase of the war.  
1991-08-31  Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-02-28  The first Gulf War ends.  
1991-05-28  The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.  
1991-09-30  President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.  
1991-04-05  An ASA EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 aboard.  
1991-07-31  The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.  
1991-08-29  Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union suspends all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.  
1991-04-10  A rare tropical storm develops in the South Atlantic Ocean near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.  
1991-08-06  Doi Takako, chair of the Social Democratic Party (Japan), becomes Japan's first female speaker of the House of Representatives.  
1991-08-25  The Battle of Vukovar has begun. An 87-day siege of a Croatian city by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces, between August-November 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence.  
1991-03-09  Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are deployed in the streets.  
1991-06-20  The German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.  
1991-09-05  The current international treaty defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, came into force.  
1991-08-21  Coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev collapses.  
1991-09-22  The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time by the Huntington Library.  
1991-09-21  Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.  
1991-10-30  The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opens.  
1991-10-20  The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage.  
1991-08-24  Ukraine declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.  
1991-02-13  Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed.  
1991-11-18  After the siege of Vukovar, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the besieging Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.  
1991-05-26  Lauda Air Flight 004 explodes over rural Thailand, killing 223.  
1991-12-04  Captain Mark Pyle pilots Clipper Goodwill, a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.  
1991-02-09  Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.  
1991-11-14  In Royal Oak, Michigan, a fired United States Postal Service employee goes on a shooting rampage, killing four and wounding five before committing suicide.  
1991-05-21  Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.  
1991-02-07  Haiti's first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.  
1991-08-29  Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo is killed by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.  
1991-12-08  The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.  
1991-12-16  Independence of The Republic of Kazakhstan.  
1991-05-24  Eritrea gains its independence from Ethiopia.  
1991-05-15  Edith Cresson becomes France's first female prime minister.  
1991-08-24  Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.  
1991-09-02  The United States recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.  
1991-12-16  United Nations General Assembly: UN General Assembly Resolution 4686 revokes UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 after Israel makes revocation of resolution 3379 a condition of its participation in the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991.  
1991-08-25  Belarus declares its independence from the Soviet Union  
1991-02-23  In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.  
1991-04-04  Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.  
1991-01-17  Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning. Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation.  
1991-03-03  United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25.  
1991-08-08  The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.  
1991-03-31  The Islamic Constitutional Movement, or Hadas, is established in Kuwait.  
1991-11-14  American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.  
1991-10-16  Luby's massacre: George Hennard runs amok in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 and wounding 20 in Luby's Cafeteria.  
1991-05-21  Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Madras.  
1991-12-06  In Croatia, forces of the Yugoslav People's Army bombard Dubrovnik after laying siege to the city since May.  
1991-11-12  Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.  
1991-02-20  A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time leader, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.  
1991-06-25  Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.  
1991-10-27  Turkmenistan achieves independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-04-02  Rita Johnston becomes the first female Premier of a Canadian province when she succeeds William Vander Zalm (who had resigned) as Premier of British Columbia.  
1991-07-11  A Nationair DC-8 crashes during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter flight was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.  
1991-11-20  An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan was shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend district of Azerbaijan.  
1991-07-07  Yugoslav Wars: the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.  
1991-09-01  Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union  
1991-01-22  Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.  
1991-02-26  Gulf War: On Baghdad Radio Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.  
1991-02-27  Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".  
1991-02-15  The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.  
1991-07-10  Boris Yeltsin begins his five-year term as the first elected President of Russia.  
1991-12-08  The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.  
1991-09-08  The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.  
1991-09-29  Military coup in Haiti.  
1991-06-17  Apartheid: the South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act which required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.  
1991-12-12  Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.  
1991-01-15  The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.  
1991-04-10  Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.  
1991-03-03  An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.  
1991-09-06  The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.  
1991-10-01  New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 commences.  
1991-05-18  Northern Somalia declares independence from the rest of Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland but is not recognised by the international community.  
1991-08-08  John McCarthy, British journalist held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years by Islamic Jihad, is released.  
1991-06-23  Moldova declares its independence.  
1991-03-03  In two concurring referendums: 74% of the population of Latvia votes for independence from the Soviet Union, in Estonia – 83%.  
1991-01-26  Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi.  
1991-08-28  Collapse of the Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.  
1991-08-21  Latvia declares renewal of its full independence after the occupation of Soviet Union.  
1991-06-07  Mount Pinatubo explodes generating an ash column 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) high.  
1991-07-01  The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.  
1991-06-26  Ten-Day War: the Yugoslav people's army begins the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.  
1991-08-19  Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Crimea.  
1991-08-20  Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: more than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup aiming to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev.  
1991-11-27  The United Nations Security Council adopts Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.  
1991-05-05  A riot breaks out in the Mt. Pleasant section of Washington, D.C. after police shoot a Salvadoran man.  
1991-04-29  A cyclone strikes the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 mph, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.  
1991-01-20  Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.  
1991-08-20  Estonia secedes from the Soviet Union.  
1991-01-12  Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.  
1991-01-13  Soviet Union military troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius. Killed 14 people and wounding 1000.  
1991-12-04  Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.  
1991-02-25  Gulf War: An Iraqi scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 28 U.S. Army Reservists from Pennsylvania.  
1991-12-20  A Missouri court sentences the Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria to death for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.  
1991-10-22  Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church.  
1991-02-18  The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station in London.  
1991-03-13  The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.  
1991-07-10  The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.  
1991-05-01  Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics steals his 939th base, making him the all-time leader in this category. However, his accomplishment is overshadowed later that evening by Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers, when he pitches his seventh career no-hitter, breaking his own record.  
1991-12-25  Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day). Ukraine's referendum is finalized and Ukraine officially leaves the Soviet Union.  
1991-01-16  The United States goes to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).  
1991-12-31  All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date and the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.  
1991-05-26  Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the first democratically elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.  
1991-12-26  The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union meets and formally dissolves the USSR.  
1991-08-27  Moldova declares independence from the USSR.  
1991-03-04  Sheikh Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister of Kuwait, returns to his country for the first time since Iraq's invasion.  
1991-10-12  Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by republic's Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.  
1991-01-17  Harald V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father, Olav V.  
1991-09-06  The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.  
1991-02-16  Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.  
1991-08-04  The Greek cruise ship MTS Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa.  
1991-09-16  The trial of deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega begins in the United States.  
1991-12-01  Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.  
1991-06-30  32 miners are killed when a coal mine fire in the Donbass region of Ukraine releases toxic gas.  
1991-10-05  An Indonesian military transport crashes after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.  
1991-09-17  Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.  
1991-04-22  The Social Democratic Party of Albania is founded.  



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QUOTES:
All who would win joy, must share it; happiness was born a twin.
Lord Byron
I feel my immortality over sweep all pains, all tears, all time, all fears,
and peal, like the eternal thunders of the deep, into my ears, this truth,
If the day and the night are such that you greet them with with joy, and life emits a fragrance like flowers and sweet-scented herbs, more elastic, more starry, more immortal--that is your success.
Henry David Thoreau