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1945 Yearly calendar

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1945-01-17  Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg disappears in Hungary while in Soviet custody.  
1945-09-09  First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.  
1945-04-16  The Red Army begins the final assault on German forces around Berlin.  
1945-03-10  The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.  
1945-02-23  World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań. The city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.  
1945-01-19  World War II: Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.  
1945-11-29  The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.  
1945-04-22  World War II: Prisoners at the Jasenovac concentration camp revolt. 520 are killed and 80 escape.  
1945-02-23  World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is completely destroyed in a raid by 379 British bombers.  
1945-10-10  The Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang signed a principle agreement in Chongqing about the future of post-war China. Later, the pact is commonly referred to as the Double-Ten Agreement.  
1945-04-01  World War II: Operation Iceberg – United States troops land on Okinawa in the last campaign of the war.  
1945-03-21  World War II: Operation Carthage – British planes bomb Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark. They also hit a school; 125 civilians are killed.  
1945-08-17  Indonesian Declaration of Independence.  
1945-02-23  World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces.  
1945-09-15  A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.  
1945-04-29  The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.  
1945-10-18  The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.  
1945-04-02  Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.  
1945-02-23  World War II: The Verona Philharmonic Theatre is bombed by Allied forces. It would later be re-opened in 1975.  
1945-06-26  The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.  
1945-01-31  US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed for desertion, the first such execution of an American soldier since the Civil War.  
1945-10-24  Founding of the United Nations  
1945-04-28  Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.  
1945-10-25  The Republic of China takes over administration of Taiwan following Japan's surrender to the Allies.  
1945-04-09  World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.  
1945-03-18  World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.  
1945-06-10  Australian Imperial Forces land in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.  
1945-03-27  World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.  
1945-05-15  World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.  
1945-04-25  Elbe Day: United States and Soviet troops meet in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in two, a milestone in the approaching end of World War II in Europe.  
1945-05-23  World War II: The Flensburg government under Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz is dissolved when its members are captured and arrested by British forces at Flensburg in Northern Germany.  
1945-04-09  World War II: The German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer is sunk.  
1945-02-25  World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.  
1945-12-26  CFP franc and CFA franc are created.  
1945-10-30  Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier.  
1945-03-04  Lapland War: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany.  
1945-08-30  Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.  
1945-04-25  The Nazi occupation army surrenders and leaves Northern Italy after a general partisan insurrection by the Italian resistance movement; the puppet fascist regime dissolves and Mussolini tries to escape. This day is taken as symbolic of the Liberation of Italy.  
1945-12-16  Thailand joins the United Nations.  
1945-03-30  World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to the Americans.  
1945-08-19  Vietnam War: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam.  
1945-06-24  The Moscow Victory Parade takes place.  
1945-04-07  World War II: Visoko is liberated by the 7th, 9th and 17th Krajina brigades from the Tenth division of Yugoslav Partisan forces.  
1945-04-15  The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.  
1945-02-14  World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.  
1945-02-04  World War II: The Yalta Conference between the "Big Three" (Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin) opens at the Livadia Palace in the Crimea.  
1945-04-09  The United States Atomic Energy Commission is formed.  
1945-12-27  The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.  
1945-07-16  Manhattan Project: the Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico.  
1945-09-02  Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.  
1945-04-05  Cold War: Yugoslav leader Josip "Tito" Broz signs an agreement with the Soviet Union to allow "temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory".  
1945-03-29  World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.  
1945-02-19  World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima – about 30,000 United States Marines land on the island of Iwo Jima.  
1945-01-23  World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.  
1945-04-27  World War II: Benito Mussolini is arrested by Italian partisans in Dongo, while attempting escape disguised as a German soldier.  
1945-04-04  World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp in Germany.  
1945-02-05  World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.  
1945-05-02  World War II: Fall of Berlin: The Soviet Union announces the capture of Berlin and Soviet soldiers hoist their red flag over the Reichstag building.  
1945-02-24  Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.  
1945-04-07  World War II: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest battleship ever constructed, is sunk by American planes 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route to a suicide mission in Operation Ten-Go.  
1945-07-26  The US Navy cruiser Indianapolis arrives at Tinian with the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.  
1945-06-22  World War II: The Battle of Okinawa ends when organised resistance of Imperial Japanese Army forces collapses in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island.  
1945-10-15  World War II: The former premier of Vichy France Pierre Laval is shot by a firing squad for treason.  
1945-10-29  Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.  
1945-07-28  A U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashes into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building killing 14 and injuring 26.  
1945-07-17  World War II: Potsdam Conference – at Potsdam, U.S. President Harry Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the three main Allied leaders, begin their final summit of the war. The meeting would end on August 2.  
1945-10-17  A massive number of people, headed by CGT and Evita, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Peron's release. This is known to the Peronists as the Día de la lealtad (Loyalty Day). It's considered the founding day of Peronism.  
1945-05-23  World War II: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, commits suicide while in Allied custody.  
1945-03-30  World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna; Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gdańsk.  
1945-01-02  World War II: Nuremberg (in German, Nürnberg) is severely bombed by Allied forces  
1945-08-16  Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, is captured by Soviet troops.  
1945-04-14  Osijek, Croatia, is liberated from fascist occupation.  
1945-05-03  World War II: Sinking of the prison ships Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland by the Royal Air Force in Lübeck Bay.  
1945-03-06  Cologne is captured by American Troops.  
1945-04-29  World War II: Start of Operation Manna.  
1945-05-06  World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.  
1945-01-28  World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.  
1945-08-25  Ten days after World War II ends with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Communist Party of China kill Baptist missionary John Birch, regarded by some of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.  
1945-07-26  The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany.  
1945-09-16  World War II: Surrender of the Japanese forces in Hong Kong. The ceremony was presided by British Admiral Cecil Harcourt.  
1945-10-18  A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, staged a coup d'état against then president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.  
1945-01-03  World War II: Admiral Chester W Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan.  
1945-04-20  World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.  
1945-06-07  King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.  
1945-04-16  The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz).  
1945-04-06  World War II: Sarajevo is liberated from the German and Croatian Nazis by the Yugoslav Partisans.  
1945-04-25  Fifty nations gather in San Francisco, California to begin the United Nations Conference on International Organizations.  
1945-01-07  World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge.  
1945-02-14  World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.  
1945-04-29  The Italian commune of Fornovo di Taro is liberated from German forces by Brazilian forces.  
1945-05-09  World War II: Ratification in Berlin-Karlshorst of the German unconditional surrender of May 8 in Rheims, France, with the signatures of Marshal Georgy Zhukov for the Soviet Union, and for the Western Headquarters Sir Arthur Tedder, British Air Marshal and Eisenhower’s deputy, and for the German side of Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as the Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.  
1945-11-09  Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan is founded.  
1945-07-23  The post-war legal processes against Philippe Pétain begin.  
1945-04-21  World War II: Soviet Union forces south of Berlin at Zossen attack the German High Command headquarters.  
1945-10-21  Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Evita.  
1945-11-15  Venezuela joins the United Nations.  
1945-03-16  Ninety percent of Würzburg, Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by British bombers. 5,000 are killed.  
1945-08-09  World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, "Fat Man", is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. 39,000 people are killed outright.  
1945-08-15  World War II: Korean Liberation Day.  
1945-08-08  The United Nations Charter is signed by the United States, which becomes the third nation to join.  
1945-01-17  The Nazis begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in.  
1945-04-26  World War II: Battle of Bautzen – last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.  
1945-05-07  World War II: General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany's participation in the war. The document takes effect the next day.  
1945-01-16  Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.  
1945-07-31  Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.  
1945-11-20  Nuremberg Trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.  
1945-05-01  World War II: A German newsreader officially announces that Adolf Hitler has "fallen at his command post in the Reich Chancellery fighting to the last breath against Bolshevism and for Germany".  
1945-02-14  President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.  
1945-05-04  World War II: The surrender of the North Germany Army to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.  
1945-03-14  World War II – The R.A.F. first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany.  
1945-07-30  World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen.  
1945-05-04  World War II: The liberation of the Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg by the British Army.  
1945-02-21  World War II: Japanese Kamikaze planes sink the escort carrier Bismarck Sea and damage the Saratoga.  
1945-07-26  The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide, removing Winston Churchill from power.  
1945-01-01  World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Unternehmen Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.  
1945-04-25  Last German troops retreat from Finland's soil in Lapland, ending the Lapland War. Military acts of Second World War end in Finland.  
1945-11-01  The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro. Australia joins the United Nations.  
1945-03-19  World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.  
1945-08-16  An assassination attempt is made on Japan's prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki.  
1945-09-05  Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama.  
1945-01-20  World War II: Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies.  
1945-08-21  Physicist Harry K. Daghlian, Jr. is fatally irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the Demon core at Los Alamos National Laboratory.  
1945-02-16  World War II: American forces land on Corregidor island in the Philippines.  
1945-09-08  Cold War: United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.  
1945-01-18  Liberation of the Budapest ghetto by the Red Army.  
1945-04-04  World War II: Soviet Army takes control of Hungary.  
1945-04-12  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President.  
1945-09-19  Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London.  
1945-04-18  Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany.  
1945-05-08  Hundreds of Algerian civilians are killed by French Army soldiers in the Sétif massacre.  
1945-04-29  World War II – Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler marries his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designates Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor. Both Hitler and Braun will commit suicide the next day.  
1945-12-05  Flight 19 is lost in the Bermuda Triangle.  
1945-09-07  Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.  
1945-12-28  The United States Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance.  
1945-05-01  The Yugoslav partisans free Trieste.  
1945-07-29  The BBC Light Programme radio station is launched for mainstream light entertainment and music.  
1945-08-30  Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base.  
1945-09-05  Cold War: Igor Gouzenko, a Soviet Union embassy clerk, defects to Canada, exposing Soviet espionage in North America, signalling the beginning of the Cold War.  
1945-11-05  Colombia joins the United Nations.  
1945-02-09  World War II: The Battle of the Atlantic – HMS Venturer sinks U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway, in a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat.  
1945-04-17  Brazilian forces liberate the town of Montese, Italy, from German Nazi forces.  
1945-05-08  End of the Prague uprising, today celebrated as a national holiday in the Czech Republic.  
1945-08-14  Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender (August 15 in Japan standard time).  
1945-04-20  World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.  
1945-10-21  Women's suffrage: Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.  
1945-05-08  World War II: V-E Day, combat ends in Europe. German forces agree in Rheims, France, to an unconditional surrender.  
1945-02-23  World War II: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp.  
1945-01-01  World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops massacre 30 SS prisoners at Chenogne.  
1945-03-21  World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.  
1945-04-27  World War II: German troops are finally expelled from Finnish Lapland.  
1945-01-05  The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland.  
1945-04-29  World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.  
1945-12-04  By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations (the UN was established on October 24, 1945).  
1945-09-03  Three-day celebration was held in China, following the Victory over Japan Day on September 2.  
1945-04-11  World War II: American forces liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp.  
1945-09-18  General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.  
1945-05-29  First combat mission of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber.  
1945-06-18  William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) is charged with treason.  
1945-08-06  World War II: Hiroshima is devastated when the atomic bomb "Little Boy" is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay. Around 70,000 people are killed instantly, and some tens of thousands die in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning.  
1945-01-17  Soviet forces capture the almost completely destroyed Polish city of Warsaw.  
1945-01-20  Franklin Roosevelt's fourth and final inauguration is held at the White House due to wartime considerations.  
1945-11-16  UNESCO is founded.  
1945-03-16  World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends but small pockets of Japanese resistance persist.  
1945-01-30  World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest known maritime disaster, killing approximately 9,000 people.  
1945-05-12  Argentinian labour leader José Peter declares the Federación Obrera de la Industria de la Carne dissolved.  
1945-03-03  World War II: American and Filipino troops take Manila in the Philippines.  
1945-11-10  Heavy fighting in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, is celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).  
1945-09-02  World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: the Instrument of Surrender of Japan is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.  
1945-03-26  World War II: US forces declare Iwo Jima secure.  
1945-05-02  World War II: The US 82nd Airborne Division liberates Wöbbelin concentration camp finding 1000 dead inmates, most starved to death.  
1945-01-27  World War II: The Red Army liberates the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.  
1945-08-02  World War II: Potsdam Conference, in which the Allied Powers discuss the future of defeated Germany, concludes.  
1945-11-16  Cold War: Operation Paperclip: The United States Army secretly admits 88 German scientists and engineers to help in the development of rocket technology.  
1945-01-09  World War II: The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.  
1945-04-13  German troops kill more than 1,000 political and military prisoners in Gardelegen Germany.  
1945-06-15  The General Dutch Youth League (ANJV) is founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands.  
1945-10-16  The Food and Agriculture Organization is founded in Quebec City, Canada.  
1945-04-22  World War II: Fuehrerbunker: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.  
1945-06-29  Carpathian Ruthenia is annexed by the Soviet Union.  
1945-02-14  World War II: On the first day of the bombing of Dresden, the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.  
1945-02-23  World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag. The photo would later win a Pulitzer Prize and become the model for the national USMC War Memorial.  
1945-07-20  The US Congress approves the Bretton Woods Agreement.  
1945-10-05  Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.  
1945-10-12  World War II: Desmond Doss is the first conscientious objector to receive the U.S. Medal of Honor.  
1945-07-31  John K. Giles attempts to escape from Alcatraz prison.  
1945-03-17  The Ludendorff Bridge in Remagen, Germany collapses, ten days after its capture.  
1945-04-30  World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day. Soviet soldiers raise the Victory Banner over the Reichstag building.  
1945-01-30  World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: 126 American Rangers and Filipino resistance liberate 500 prisoners from the Cabanatuan POW camp.  
1945-12-15  Occupation of Japan: General Douglas MacArthur orders that Shinto be abolished as the state religion of Japan.  
1945-03-11  World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.  
1945-03-07  World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen.  
1945-01-25  World War II: The Battle of the Bulge ends.  
1945-05-06  World War II: The Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.  
1945-10-06  Baseball: Billy Sianis and his pet billy goat are ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series (see Curse of the Billy Goat).  
1945-08-15  World War II: Victory over Japan Day – Japan surrenders.  
1945-05-02  World War II: Italian Campaign – General Heinrich von Vietinghoff signs the official instrument of surrender of all Wehrmacht forces in Italy.  
1945-02-03  World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin, a raid which kills between 2,500 to 3,000 and dehouses another 120,000.  
1945-03-04  In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as a driver.  
1945-09-09  Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.  
1945-07-16  World War II: the leaders of the three Allied nations, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill, President of the United States Harry S Truman and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, meet in the German city of Potsdam to decide the future of a defeated Germany.  
1945-02-13  World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.  
1945-07-05  World War II: liberation of the Philippines declared.  
1945-08-08  World War II: the Soviet Union declares war on Japan and begins the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation.  
1945-05-09  World War II: The Channel Islands are liberated by the British after five years of German occupation.  
1945-10-09  Parade in NYC for Fleet Admiral Nimitz and 13 USN/USMC Medal of Honor recipients  
1945-03-06  Communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumes power in Romania.  
1945-08-31  The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.  
1945-02-13  World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army.  
1945-05-11  World War II: Off the coast of Okinawa, the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill, is hit by two kamikazes, killing 346 of her crew. Although badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.  
1945-05-05  World War II: Canadian and UK troops liberate the Netherlands and Denmark from Nazi occupation when Wehrmacht troops capitulate  
1945-04-16  More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship Goya is sunk by a Soviet submarine torpedo.  
1945-09-30  The Bourne End rail crash, in Hertfordshire, England, kills 43  
1945-03-22  The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.  
1945-06-05  The Allied Control Council, the military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.  
1945-04-19  Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.  
1945-03-19  World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.  

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