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Linux servers, network, how to, configuration

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Linux servers. Apache web server. configure options, installation

 Apache:
./configure --prefix=/sw/pkg/apache \
--enable-rewrite=shared \
--enable-speling=shared
make
make install

Customize. Next, you can customize your Apache HTTP Server by editing the configuration files under PREFIX/conf/.
PREFIX/bin/apachectl -k graceful-stop
PREFIX/bin/apachectl -k start

$ vi PREFIX/conf/httpd.conf

Have a look at the Apache HTTP Server manual under docs/manual/ or consult http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ for the most recent version of this manual and a complete reference of available configuration directives.

Now you can start your Apache HTTP Server by immediately running:
$ PREFIX/bin/apachectl -k start
and then you should be able to request your first document via URL http://localhost/. The web page you see is located under the DocumentRoot, which will usually be PREFIX/htdocs/. Then stop the server again by running:

$ PREFIX/bin/apachectl -k stop
 
./configure options
--bindir=DIR
Install user executables in DIR. The user executables are supporting programs like htpasswd, dbmmanage, etc. which are useful for site administrators. By default DIR is set to EPREFIX/bin.

--datadir=DIR
Install read-only architecture-independent data in DIR. By default datadir is set to PREFIX/share. This option is offered by autoconf and currently unused.

--includedir=DIR
Install C header files in DIR. By default includedir is set to EPREFIX/include.

--infodir=DIR
Install info documentation in DIR. By default infodir is set to PREFIX/info. This option is currently unused.

--libdir=DIR
Install object code libraries in DIR. By default libdir is set to EPREFIX/lib.

--libexecdir=DIR
Install the program executables (i.e., shared modules) in DIR. By default libexecdir is set to EPREFIX/libexec.

--localstatedir=DIR
Install modifiable single-machine data in DIR. By default localstatedir is set to PREFIX/var. This option is offered by autoconf and currently unused.

--mandir=DIR
Install the man documentation in DIR. By default mandir is set to EPREFIX/man.

--oldincludedir=DIR
Install C header files for non-gcc in DIR. By default oldincludedir is set to /usr/include. This option is offered by autoconf and currently unused.

--sbindir=DIR
Install the system administrator executables in DIR. Those are server programs like httpd, apachectl, suexec, etc. which are neccessary to run the Apache HTTP Server. By default sbindir is set to EPREFIX/sbin.

--sharedstatedir=DIR
Install modifiable architecture-independent data in DIR. By default sharedstatedir is set to PREFIX/com. This option is offered by autoconf and currently unused.

--sysconfdir=DIR
Install read-only single-machine data like the server configuration files httpd.conf, mime.types, etc. in DIR. By default sysconfdir is set to PREFIX/etc.
System types

These options are used to cross-compile the Apache HTTP Server to run on another system. In normal cases, when building and running the server on the same system, these options are not used.

--build=BUILD
Defines the system type of the system on which the tools are being built. It defaults to the result of the script config.guess.

--host=HOST
Defines the system type of the system on which the server will run. HOST defaults to BUILD.

--target=TARGET
Configure for building compilers for the system type TARGET. It defaults to HOST. This option is offered by autoconf and not necessary for the Apache HTTP Server.
Optional Features

These options are used to fine tune the features your HTTP server will have.
General syntax

Generally you can use the following syntax to enable or disable a feature:

--disable-FEATURE
Do not include FEATURE. This is the same as --enable-FEATURE=no.

--enable-FEATURE[=ARG]
Include FEATURE. The default value for ARG is yes.

--enable-MODULE=shared
The corresponding module will be build as DSO module.

--enable-MODULE=static
By default enabled modules are linked statically. You can force this explicitly.

Note
configure will not complain about --enable-foo even if foo doesn't exist, so you need to type carefully.
Modules enabled by default

Some modules are compiled by default and have to be disabled explicitly. Use the following options to remove discrete modules from the compilation process.

--disable-actions
Disable action triggering on requests, which is provided by mod_actions.

--disable-alias
Disable the mapping of requests to different parts of the filesystem, which is provided by mod_alias.

--disable-asis
Disable support for as-is filetypes, which is provided by mod_asis.

--disable-auth
Disable user-based access control provided by mod_auth. This module provides for HTTP Basic Authentication, where the usernames and passwords are stored in plain text files.

--disable-autoindex
Disable the directory listing functionality provided by mod_autoindex.

--disable-access
Disable host-based access control provided by mod_access.

--disable-cgi
mod_cgi, which provides support for CGI scripts, is enabled by default when using a non-threaded MPM. Use this option to disable CGI support.

--disable-cgid
When using the threaded MPMs worker support for CGI scripts is provided by mod_cgid by default. To disable CGI support use this option.

--disable-charset-lite
Disable character set translation provided by mod_charset_lite. This module will be installed by default only on EBCDIC systems.

--disable-dir
Disable directory request handling provided by mod_dir.

--disable-env
Enable setting and clearing of environment variables, which is provided by mod_env.

--disable-http
Disable the HTTP protocol handling. The http module is a basic one, enabling the server to function as an HTTP server. It is only useful to disable it if you want to use another protocol module instead. Don't disable this module unless you are really sure what you are doing.

Note: This module will always be linked statically.

--disable-imagemap
Disable support for server based imagemaps, which provided by mod_imagemap.

--disable-include
Disable Server Side Includes provided by mod_include.

--disable-log-config
Disable the logging configuration provided by mod_log_config. You won't be able to log requests to the server without this module.

--disable-mime
mod_mime associates the requested filename's extensions with the file's behavior and content (mime-type, language, character set and encoding). Disabling this module is normally not recommended.

--disable-negotiation
Disable content negotiation provided by mod_negotiation.

--disable-setenvif
Disable support for basing environment variables on headers, which is provided by mod_setenvif.

--disable-status
Enable the process/thread monitoring, which is provided by mod_status.

--disable-userdir
Disable the mapping of requests to user-specific directories, which is provided by mod_userdir.
Modules, disabled by default

Some modules are compiled by default and have to be enabled explicitly or by using the keywords most or all (see --enable-mods-shared below for further explanation) to be available. Therefore use the options below.

--enable-auth-anon
Enable anonymous user access provided by mod_auth_anon.

--enable-auth-dbm
mod_auth_dbm provides for HTTP Basic Authentication, where the usernames and passwords are stored in DBM type database files. Use this option to enable the module.

--enable-auth-digest
Enable RFC2617 Digest authentication provided by mod_auth_digest. This module uses plain text files to store the credentials.

--enable-authnz-ldap
Enable LDAP based authentication provided by mod_authnz_ldap.

--enable-cache
Enable dynamic file caching provided by mod_cache. This experimental module may be interesting for servers with high load or caching proxy servers. At least one storage management module (e.g. mod_disk_cache or mod_mem_cache) is also necessary.

--enable-cern-meta
Enable the CERN-type meta files support provided by mod_cern_meta.

--enable-charset-lite
Enable character set translation provided by mod_charset_lite. This module will be installed by default only on EBCDIC systems. On other systems, you have to enable it.

--enable-dav
Enable the WebDAV protocol handling provided by mod_dav. Support for filesystem resources is provided by the separate module mod_dav_fs. This module is also automatically enabled with --enable-dav.

Note: mod_dav can only be used together with the http protocol module.

--enable-dav-fs
Enable DAV support for filesystem resources, which is provided by mod_dav_fs. This module is a provider for the mod_dav module, so you should also use --enable-dav.

--enable-dav-lock
Enable mod_dav_lock which provides generic DAV locking support for backend modules. This module needs at least mod_dav to function, so you should also use --enable-dav.

--enable-deflate
Enable deflate transfer encoding provided by mod_deflate.

--enable-disk-cache
Enable disk caching provided by mod_disk_cache.

--enable-expires
Enable Expires header control provided by mod_expires.

--enable-ext-filter
Enable the external filter support provided by mod_ext_filter.

--enable-file-cache
Enable the file cache provided by mod_file_cache.

--enable-headers
Enable control of HTTP headers provided by mod_headers.

--enable-info
Enable the server information provided by mod_info.

--enable-ldap
Enable LDAP caching and connection pooling services provided by mod_ldap.

--enable-logio
Enable logging of input and output bytes including headers provided by mod_logio.

--enable-mem-cache
Enable memory caching provided by mod_mem_cache.

--enable-mime-magic
Enable automatical determining of MIME types, which is provided by mod_mime_magic.

--enable-isapi
Enable the isapi extension support provided by mod_isapi.

--enable-proxy
Enable the proxy/gateway functionality provided by mod_proxy. The proxying capabilities for AJP13, CONNECT, FTP, HTTP and the balancer are provided by the separate modules mod_proxy_ajp, mod_proxy_connect, mod_proxy_ftp, mod_proxy_http and mod_proxy_balancer. These five modules are also automatically enabled with --enable-proxy.

--enable-proxy-ajp
Enable proxy support for AJP13 (Apache JServ Protocol 1.3) request handling, which is provided by mod_proxy_ajp. This module is an extension for the mod_proxy module, so you should also use --enable-proxy.

--enable-proxy-balancer
Enable load balancing support for the AJP13, FTP and HTTP protocols, which is provided by mod_proxy_balancer. This module is an extension for the mod_proxy module, so you should also use --enable-proxy.

--enable-proxy-connect
Enable proxy support for CONNECT request handling, which is provided by mod_proxy_connect. This module is an extension for the mod_proxy module, so you should also use --enable-proxy.

--enable-proxy-ftp
Enable proxy support for FTP requests, which is provided by mod_proxy_ftp. This module is an extension for the mod_proxy module, so you should also use --enable-proxy.

--enable-proxy-http
Enable proxy support for HTTP requests, which is provided by mod_proxy_http. This module is an extension for the mod_proxy module, so you should also use --enable-proxy.

--enable-rewrite
Enable rule based URL manipulation provided by mod_rewrite.

--enable-so
Enable DSO capability provided by mod_so. This module will be automatically enabled if you use the --enable-mods-shared option.

--enable-speling
Enable the functionality to correct common URL misspellings, which is provided by mod_speling.

--enable-ssl
Enable support for SSL/TLS provided by mod_ssl.

--enable-unique-id
Enable the generation of per-request unique ids, which is provided by mod_unique_id.

--enable-usertrack
Enable user-session tracking provided by mod_usertrack.

--enable-vhost-alias
Enable mass virtual hosting provided by mod_vhost_alias.
Modules for developers

The following modules are useful only for developers and testing purposes and are disabled by default. Use the following options to enable them. If you are not sure whether you need one of these modules, omit them.

--enable-bucketeer
Enable the manipulation filter for buckets, which is provided by mod_bucketeer.

--enable-case-filter
Enable the example uppercase conversion output filter support of mod_case_filter.

--enable-case-filter-in
Enable the example uppercase conversion input filter support of mod_case_filter_in.

--enable-echo
Enable the ECHO server provided by mod_echo.

--enable-example
Enable the example and demo module mod_example.

--enable-optional-fn-export
Enable the example for an optional function exporter, which is provided by mod_optional_fn_export.

--enable-optional-fn-import
Enable the example for an optional function importer, which is provided by mod_optional_fn_import.

--enable-optional-hook-export
Enable the example for an optional hook exporter, which is provided by mod_optional_hook_export.

--enable-optional-hook-import
Enable the example optional hook importer, which is provided by mod_optional_hook_import.

MPMs and third-party modules

To add the necessary Multi Processing Module and additional third-party modules use the following options:

--with-module=module-type:module-file[, module-type:module-file]

Add one or more third-party modules to the list of statically linked modules. The module source file module-file will be searched in the modules/module-type subdirectory of your Apache HTTP server source tree. If it is not found there configure is considering module-file to be an absolute file path and tries to copy the source file into the module-type subdirectory. If the subdirectory doesn't exist it will be created and populated with a standard Makefile.in.

This option is useful to add small external modules consisting of one source file. For more complex modules you should read the vendor's documentation.

Note
If you want to build a DSO module instead of a statically linked use apxs.

--with-mpm=MPM
Choose the process model for your server. You have to select exactly one Multi-Processing Module. Otherwise the default MPM for your operating system will be taken. Possible MPMs are beos, mpmt_os2, prefork, and worker.
Cumulative and other options

--enable-maintainer-mode
Turn on debugging and compile time warnings.

--enable-mods-shared=MODULE-LIST

Defines a list of modules to be enabled and build as dynamic shared modules. This mean, these module have to be loaded dynamically by using the LoadModule directive.

MODULE-LIST is a space separated list of modulenames enclosed by quotation marks. The module names are given without the preceding mod_. For example:

--enable-mods-shared='headers rewrite dav'

Additionally you can use the special keywords all and most. For example,

--enable-mods-shared=most

will compile most modules and build them as DSO modules.

Caveat: --enable-mods-shared=all does not actually build all modules. To build all modules then, one might use:

./configure \
--with-ldap \
--enable-mods-shared="all ssl ldap cache proxy authn_alias mem_cache file_cache authnz_ldap charset_lite dav_lock disk_cache"
--enable-modules=MODULE-LIST
This option behaves similar to --enable-mods-shared, but will link the given modules statically. This mean, these modules will always be present while running httpd. They need not be loaded with LoadModule.

--enable-v4-mapped
Allow IPv6 sockets to handle IPv4 connections.

--with-port=PORT
This defines the port on which httpd will listen. This port number is used when generating the configuration file httpd.conf. The default is 80.

--with-program-name
Define an alternative executable name. The default is httpd.
Optional packages

These options are used to define optional packages.
General syntax

Generally you can use the following syntax to define an optional package:

--with-PACKAGE[=ARG]
Use the package PACKAGE. The default value for ARG is yes.

--without-PACKAGE
Do not use the package PACKAGE. This is the same as --with-PACKAGE=no. This option is provided by autoconf but not very useful for the Apache HTTP Server.

Specific packages

--with-apr=DIR|FILE
The Apache Portable Runtime (APR) is part of the httpd source distribution and will automatically be build together with the HTTP server. If you want to use an already installed APR instead you have to tell configure the path to the apr-config script. You may set the absolute path and name or the directory to the installed APR. apr-config must exist within this directory or the subdirectory bin.

--with-apr-util=DIR|FILE
The Apache Portable Runtime Utilities (APU) are part of the httpd source distribution and will automatically be build together with the HTTP server. If you want to use an already installed APU instead you have to tell configure the path to the apu-config script. You may set the absolute path and name or the directory to the installed APU. apu-config must exist within this directory or the subdirectory bin.

--with-ssl=DIR
If mod_ssl has been enabled configure searches for an installed OpenSSL. You can set the directory path to the SSL/TLS toolkit instead.

--with-z=DIR
configure searches automatically for an installed zlib library if your source configuration requires one (e.g., when mod_deflate is enabled). You can set the directory path to the compression library instead.

Several features of the Apache HTTP Server, including mod_authn_dbm and mod_rewrite's DBM RewriteMap use simple key/value databases for quick lookups of information. SDBM is included in the APU, so this database is always available. If you would like to use other database types, use the following options to enable them:

--with-gdbm[=path]
If no path is specified, configure will search for the include files and libraries of a GNU DBM installation in the usual search paths. An explicit path will cause configure to look in path/lib and path/include for the relevant files. Finally, the path may specify specific include and library paths separated by a colon.

--with-ndbm[=path]
Like --with-gdbm, but searches for a New DBM installation.

--with-berkeley-db[=path]
Like --with-gdbm, but searches for a Berkeley DB installation.

Note

The DBM options are provided by the APU and passed through to its configuration script. They are useless when using an already installed APU defined by --with-apr-util.

You may use more then one DBM implementation together with your HTTP server. The appropriated DBM type will be configured within the runtime configuration at each time.
Options for support programs

--enable-static-support
Build a statically linked version of the support binaries. This means, a stand-alone executable will be built with all the necessary libraries integrated. Otherwise the support binaries are linked dynamically by default.

--enable-suexec
Use this option to enable suexec, which allows you to set uid and gid for spawned processes. Do not use this option unless you understand all the security implications of running a suid binary on your server. Further options to configure suexec are described below.

It is possible to create a statically linked binary of a single support program by using the following options:

--enable-static-ab
Build a statically linked version of ab.

--enable-static-checkgid
Build a statically linked version of checkgid.

--enable-static-htdbm
Build a statically linked version of htdbm.

--enable-static-htdigest
Build a statically linked version of htdigest.

--enable-static-htpasswd
Build a statically linked version of htpasswd.

--enable-static-logresolve
Build a statically linked version of logresolve.

--enable-static-rotatelogs
Build a statically linked version of rotatelogs.

suexec configuration options

The following options are used to fine tune the behavior of suexec. See Configuring and installing suEXEC for further information.

--with-suexec-bin
This defines the path to suexec binary. Default is --sbindir (see Fine tuning of installation directories).

--with-suexec-caller
This defines the user allowed to call suexec. It should be the same as the user under which httpd normally runs.

--with-suexec-docroot
This defines the directory tree under which suexec access is allowed for executables. Default value is --datadir/htdocs.

--with-suexec-gidmin
Define this as the lowest GID allowed to be a target user for suexec. The default value is 100.

--with-suexec-logfile
This defines the filename of the suexec logfile. By default the logfile is named suexec_log and located in --logfiledir.

--with-suexec-safepath
Define the value of the environment variable PATH to be set for processes started by suexec. Default value is /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin.

--with-suexec-userdir
This defines the subdirectory under the user's directory that contains all executables for which suexec access is allowed. This setting is necessary when you want to use suexec together with user-specific directories (as provided by mod_userdir). The default is public_html.

--with-suexec-uidmin
Define this as the lowest UID allowed to be a target user for suexec. The default value is 100.

--with-suexec-umask
Set umask for processes started by suexec. It defaults to your system settings. 
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Guest:
Apache installation script. Place in extracted TAR archive folder:

make clean
make tidy

./configure --enable-layout=Apache \
  prefix=/usr/local/apache2 \ 
  --enable-rewrite \
  --enable-deflate \
  --enable-alias \
  --enable-expires \
  --enable-headers 2> _log.txt

make 2>>_log.txt
make install 2>>_log.txt


2013-06-07 11:13:21

 Use username: Guest, Anonymous, Programmer






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